Nyamogoba et al.’s article, “ HIV co-infection with tuberculous and non-tuberculous mycobacteria in western Kenya: challenges in the diagnosis and management (2012)” evaluates the prevalence of co-infection between TB-HIV as well as relaying the confusion of NTM and HIV/AIDS co-infection in TB diagnosis, particularly in western Kenya. The authors utilize a cross sectional study, carried out in 10 hospitals in western Kenya and the results showed a high TB-HIV co-infection rate and it is mentioned that NTM could be misdiagnosed and treated as TB. The authors utilize these results in order to further exhibit the relationship between HIV, NTM, and TB. This article is pertinent to the contribution planned as its findings reaffirm the significance of TB-HIV/AIDS co-infection.