This is a report presenting the findings of a study done on HIV and AIDS-related stigma and discrimination in Tanzania, Zambia and Ethiopia. This study included structured text analysis of 730 qualitative transcripts (650 interviews and 80 focus group discussions) and quantitative analysis of 400 survey respondents from rural and urban areas in these countries. They concluded that the main causes of stigma relate to incomplete knowledge, fears of death and disease, sexual norms and a lack of recognition of stigma and socio economic status, age and gender affect how one experiences stigma. This study was conducted in 2003 by the International Center for Research on Women (ICRW), in partnership with organizations in the aforementioned three countries.

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