This paper by Lisanne Brown, Lea Trujillo, Kate Macintyre, published in September 2001, reviews 21 interventions that have explicitly attempted to decrease AIDS stigma both in the developed and developing countries and 9 studies that aim to decrease stigma related with other diseases. These interventions were chosen based on criteria in order to draw common lessons for future development of interventions to combat stigma. However, because relatively few interventions to reduce AIDS stigma have been conducted and rigorously evaluated in developing countries, it is difficult to come up with any underlying generalizations. The study was supported by Horizons Program, which is funded by USAID, and Tulane University.

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